master's thesis
Dileme moralnog biounaprijeđenja

Dajana Vračar (2015)
Sveučilište u Rijeci
Filozofski fakultet u Rijeci
Odsjek za filozofiju
Metadata
TitleDileme moralnog biounaprijeđenja
AuthorDajana Vračar
Mentor(s)Elvio Baccarini (thesis advisor)
Abstract
Ovaj diplomski rad je podijeljen na dva glavna dijela te se temlelji na knjizi Perssona i Savulescu „Unfit for the Future: The Need for Moral Enhancement“. U prvom dijelu diplomskog rada su iznesene osnovne i temeljne teze Perssona i Savulescua koje uključuju tezu da je lakše nanijeti štetu nego dobrobit, zatim se razmatra koncept odgovornosti temeljen na uzročnosti. Druga značajna teza je da su pristranost prema bliskoj budućnosti i indiferentnost prema velikom broju ljudi manjkavost ljudske prirode te zajedno sa liberalnim demokracijama otežavaju rješavanje problema današnjice. Pri tom prvenstveno misle na sve veće mogućnosti zloupotrebe znanosti, manjkavosti liberalnih demokracija te kako se to odražava na ekološke probleme, opasnost od terorističkih napada te društvene probleme našeg doba. Rješenje nalaze u moralnom unaprijeđenju ljudi pomoću lijekova (oksitocin i SSRI) ili genetičkim inžinjeringom te daju svoju definiciju moralnosti koja se temelji na altruizmu i osjećaju pravde. Ove dvije dispozicije prema njima, uvijek dovode do moralno ispravnog ponašanja. Drugi dio diplomskog rada se bavi prigovorima i kritikom, kritizira se stav da su empatija i altruizam ono što dovodi do moralno ispravnog ponašanja, razmatra se problematika emocija nasuprot kognicije u moralnim odlukama i ponašanjima te problematika javnog financiranja projekta moralnog biounaprijeđenja. Zatim slijedi prigovor tezi da je lakše donijeti štetu nego dobrobit drugom, problematika oko samog provođenja moralnog biounaprijeđenja: dobrovoljno ili nametnuto te upitnost same sigurnosti i pouzdanosti takvog projekta.
Keywordsmoral bio-enhancement causally based responsibility empathy altruism terrorism drugs oxytocin SSRI genetic engineering
Committee MembersNebojša Zelić
Elvio Baccarini
Snježana Prijić-Samaržija
GranterSveučilište u Rijeci
Filozofski fakultet u Rijeci
Lower level organizational unitsOdsjek za filozofiju
PlaceRijeka
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineHUMANISTIC SCIENCES
Philosophy
Philosophy of Bioethics
Study programme typeuniversity
Study levelgraduate
Study programmePhilosophy (double major) ; specializations in: General Track , Teaching Track
Study specializationTeaching Track
Academic title abbreviationmag. educ. phil.
Study programme typeuniversity
Study levelgraduate
Study programmeEnglish Language and Literature (double major) ; specializations in: Teaching Track
Study specializationTeaching Track
Academic title abbreviationmag. educ. philol. angl.
Genremaster's thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2015-09-24
Parallel abstract (English)
This thesis is divided into two main parts and is based on Persson and Savulescu's book "Unfit for the Future: The Need for Moral Enhancement". The first part of this thesis presents the basic and fundamental facts presented by Persson and Savulescu including the idea that it is easier to harm than to benefit. Subsequently, this thesis looks more closely into the concept of causally based responsibility. Another important assumption that the authors make is that the bias toward the near future and indifference to great numbers of people are one of the main flaws of human nature and together with liberal democracies they hamper the resolution of problems that we are facing today. In this they are primarily refering to the increasing possibilities of misuse/abuse of science, the deficiencies of liberal democracies and its influence on environmental problems, the risk of terrorist attacks and society problems of our contemporary society. The solution they propose is to morally enhance people using drugs (oxytocin and SSRI) or by genetically engineering humans and they give their definition of morality that is based on altruism and a sense of justice. These two dispositions, according to them, always lead to morally correct behavior. The second part of this thesis concernes itself with criticism, particulary on the view that empathy and altruism always lead to morally correct behavior. The issue of emotions and cognition in moral decisions and behaviors are also considered as well as the difficulties of the public financing of the project of moral bio-enhancement. Furthermore, this thesis attempts to challenge the theory that it is easier to harm than benefit, and it is concerned with issues that arise around the implementation of moral bio-enhancement: will the enhancement be voluntary or imposed upon people, the questionability of the safety and reliability of such a project.
Parallel keywords (Croatian)moralno biounaprijeđenje koncept odgovornosti temeljen na uzročnosti empatija altruizam terorizam lijekovi oksitocin SSRI genetički inžinjering
Resource typetext
Access conditionOpen access
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:186:109643
CommitterAleksandra Moslavac