|Abstract (Croatian)|| |
Na prijelazu kasnoga srednjeg u rani novi vijek poslovično skromna sredina sjevernojadranskih, preciznije kvarnerskih otoka, na planu reprezentativnoga stambenog graditeljstva iznjedrila je niz za mjesne prilike vrlo ambiciozno koncipiranih, dobrim dijelom još uvijek slabo poznatih arhitektonskih ostvarenja. Novogradnje i radikalne adaptacije zatečenih građevina koje je poduzimao mjesni patricijat u svega nekoliko desetljeća značajno su preoblikovale izgled naselja urbanoga karaktera na kvarnerskim otocima čime su ona skladno upotpunila opću sliku graditeljske živosti duž istočne obale Jadrana. Neki od primjera koji se komparativno analiziraju, prvi se put uključuju u raspravu s gledišta povijesti umjetnosti.
|Abstract (English)|| |
This text considers the residential architecture along the Northern Adriatic coast in the 15th and 16th century, stressing the situation during the last decades of the 15th century and the early decades of the 16th century, a period of broad acceptance of Renaissance forms in the residential architecture of this region. The examples offered relate to the old Bishops’ seats where urban life had been continued since Antiquity: Krk, Rab and Osor, at the farthest tip of the island Cres, and finally its more modest settlement Cres, which, owing to favourable conditions in the Cres-Lošinj archipelago, was having a great architectural boom. Owing to lack of space, we had to skip similar developments in Omišalj and Vrbnik, where the local builders followed the examples of the larger urban centres on a smaller scale. Each of these examples is discussed in relation to its immediate geographic context, but also with regard to the broader historical context of the islands in the Northern Adriatic. The discussion broadens to include some exemplary architectural plans, the modelling of house fronts in accordance with their milieu, the activity of the stone masons’ workshops, the proliferation of architectural models and their dependence on available means, the social status of investors, and the specific planning conditions of the settlements. Models are also sought in the broader context, from the neighbouring city Senj on the Croatian-Hungarian coast and the island Pag, to the city of Zadar, which was the administrative centre of Venetian Dalmatia, and finally the city of Venice.